October in the Garden

autumn

Posted on: 5th October, 2017

Category: Home, Garden & Environment

Contributor: John Hosford

October is a month of transition – a month for tidying-up, planting and getting tender plants under cover before the onset of winter. Clean up Geraniums, Cannas and tender plants before you bring them indoors, removing faded blooms and dead leaves

Top jobs for October

Prepare for planting of new hedges. Book hedging plants in advance. November onwards is an ideal time to establish a new hedge. Most hedges are planted at 18” apart (45cm.) apart. Get rid of all perennial weeds before planting, paying particular attention to persistent weeds such as scotch grass, nettles, docks, bindweed, thistles and ground elder. It is important these weeds are eradicated before planting commences, as if these are allowed to develop they will have a serious impact on the early establishment of your new hedge. Ensure the soil is adequately drained.

Hedge trimming needs to be completed early this month.

Moving plants indoors

Tender plants can be brought indoors to a frost-free greenhouse or conservatory this month. Keep up to date with frost forecasts and get your frost-sensitive plants under cover before the frost arrives. Once indoors do ventilate the glasshouse well during warm, sunny days, which you can often get during the month of October. Any watering is best done in the morning ensuring the plant isn’t damp going into the night. Do check that heaters are working. Replace any broken glass. Repair torn polythene on Polytunnels – use a special polytunnel repair tape.

Perennials

Cut back perennials that have finished flowering. Divide perennials – adding a slow release organic fertiliser prior to planting.

Fruit Garden

Pick apples, pears, raspberries, strawberries and blackberries. Store apples and pears that are in sound condition. Don’t store any that are rotten, damaged or blemished. Don’t mix early varieties with late varieties in the store. Keep your fruit in cool, well-ventilated conditions. Keep contaminants such as paints, sprays or fuels away from stored fruit. Store apples and pears separately.

Prune blackcurrants. Cut out about one-quarter to one third of the oldest wood each year. A little selective can be done immediately after picking to remove low-lying and broken branches. This improves air circulation giving better ripening of the wood. Old and new wood can be distinguished by the colour of the wood. Old wood is almost always black, young wood is light brown to golden.

Cut as low down as possible to stimulate vigorous growth of shoots at or near the base. Old or neglected bushes can be rejuvenated by cutting back to within an inch of the ground during winter. This is of course provided they are not infected by gall mite or reversion. This stimulates production of new shoots in the following spring. If these are crowded, thin them out in the subsequent autumn allowing the strongest and best placed to bear fruit in the second year.

Book/plan ahead. Order new fruit trees and bushes for planting immediately after leaf fall. Planting in the autumn is highly recommended, as you have less or no watering and the soil is warm after the accumulation of summer heat, which helps more rapid establishment.

There is also less weed competition, as weed growth will have slowed down, which is no harm after rapid non-stop weed growth over the past few months especially since the damper weather arrived. There is a better chance of securing particular varieties if you order for the autumn. Do choose a sunny, well-drained position out of a frost pocket. Tree fruit such as apples, pears, plums and cherries should be staked with a good strong, stout, sound and secure stake.

Lawns

New lawns from seed should now be completed at this stage. Create new lawn areas by laying turf grass.

Vegetables

Sow a winter /spring maturing lettuce under cover. You need to grow a short day, winter maturing lettuce for maturing in the shorter days of winter and early spring.

Autumn Colour

Don’t underestimate the value of autumn colour in the garden. Check out the fiery, dramatic leaf colours of Acers (maples), Liquidamber, Parrotias and Hamamellis. Add dramatic effects of autumn/winter berry colour with Cotoneaster, Pyracantha, Malus(flowering crab).

“Do take the opportunity to visit some of the gardens open to the public to get some inspirational ideas for dramatic autumn colour. Check out the gardens at Blarney Castle, Fota, Garinish Island, Muckross house in Killarney National Park and of course if you are travelling further afield, check out the National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Powerscourt, Enniskerry, Co.Wicklow, Mount Usher Gardens, Ashford, Co.Wicklow.”

Latest News Articles:

Christmas on the beat
Clonakilty town aims to get snowed under with the return of the Clonakilty Christmas Express
On call for Christmas
Have your say in shaping the future of Clonakilty
Dursey Island project passes first phase in Failte Ireland’s Grant Scheme
Minister Ring visits superb rural initiatives in West Cork
West Cork farms celebrated at Milk Awards
Issue of childcare a major concern for 72 per cent of female entrepreneurs
Rain, slurry deadlines and housing
Celtic Ross Hotel awarded AA Rosette for Culinary Excellence

Join us on Facebook

West Cork People - The Best Free Read in West Cork shared Garda Síochána - Cork, Kerry & Limerick - Southern Region's photo. ... See MoreSee Less

REMINDER: An Garda Siochana are hosting a Retail Crime Prevention Meeting, to be held at 7pm on Wednesday 29th November 2017. This meeting will be held in the Munster Arms Hotel in Bandon. This meeting is one of a series being held across the West Cork Garda Division, in association with Operation Thor, the Garda National Anti-Crime Strategy. The purpose of the meeting is to increase the cooperation between Gardai and the retail sector, ensuring that the current low levels of crime in the locality extends past the busy approaching Christmas season. The meeting will be addressed by the local Crime Prevention Officer, Sergeant Ian O’ Callaghan, who will discuss burglary prevention, shoplifting, fraud, and cybercrime. There will be a particular focus on cash handling and cash exposure of businesses in the run up to the Christmas shopping period. All aspects of commercial crime will be discussed, and we would strongly urge all businesses to make a special effort to attend on the evening.

28th November, 2017  ·  

TRADING THROUGH BREXIT - BREXIT BRIEFING SERIES LAUNCHED
Minister for Foreign Affairs & Trade Simon Coveney T.D. is hosting a number of Brexit Breakfast Briefings in Cork in the coming weeks. The first in the series takes place on Monday, 4 December at the Carrigaline Court Hotel at 7:30am until 9am. Business owners, retailers and those involved in tourism in the region are invited to attend the free briefing, which will see Minister Coveney providing an update on Brexit negotiations, his insights and also practical ways to begin preparing for Brexit.

The Brexit Breakfast information events are free of charge and all are welcome to attend, however registration is required by emailing simon.coveney@oir.ie or call 021 4374200
... See MoreSee Less

27th November, 2017  ·  

Keep an eye out for Croíúil Trad group
from Rosscarbery and the Munster Champions U-12 Ceili Band from Bandon, both performing on next weekend's The Late Late Toy Show, airing on Friday, December 1 on RTÉ One at 9.35pm.
... See MoreSee Less

27th November, 2017  ·  

Meet Santa and his elves, penguins and polar bears at Leapland, which returns to Leap Village on December 2. A magical experience for little ones who can visit from Mon-Fri 5pm-8pm and Sat-Sun 12pm-8pm. Call 087 7427016 for enquiries. ... See MoreSee Less

21st November, 2017  ·  

And here's our lucky winner Sandra picking up her voucher from Warren Allen this morning from the lovely model Maebh. Happy shopping Sandra! ... See MoreSee Less

21st November, 2017  ·  

Jump to:

Top