Naked baubles

Posted on: 1st December, 2014

Category: Home, Garden & Environment

Contributor: West Cork People

‘Making’ Christmas is a big theme these last few years in the economic doldrums and there are lots of ways to create some Christmas cheer with the simplest of natural decorations, less tinsel, slightly more effort involved but certainly fun using available free resources.  I am of course thinking ‘tree’ products such as fallen twigs and amazing conifer cones.

The conifer cone is a wondrous object and never fails to entice us to pick it up and enjoy its beautiful rhythm and pattern that nature has bestowed upon it. It is armoured to protect the precious seed tucked in close to its centre core beneath each of its woody petals called scales. Held close in damp weather, the scales open when hot and dry (some only open when a forest fire occurs) and only then can the winged seed float on the wind to the forest floor. Usually the cone and its short stem will dry out and eventually snap off of the tree like an autumnal leaf and more seeds are released if its scales are open as it bounces. These are the female ‘pistallate’ cones; the male ‘staminate’ cones are usually much less conspicuous and diminutive in scale and some grow like catkins. Some cones have evolved differently and are more like singular seeds and rely on birds to disperse them such as those of the juniper (berry).

Cone producing trees include pines, spruces, cedars, fir, larch and cypress trees and more, known collectively as Confers from the Latin meaning ‘to bear cones’. Most conifers bear both the staminate pollen producing and pistallate seed bearing cones and are therefore described as monoecious. There are a few such as the junipers and yews, which grow the staminates on a separate tree to the pistallate tree — the terminology to describe these plants is dioecious. All conifers rely on the wind to pollinate by carrying the pollen from the staminate cones into the pistallate cones which is when fertilisation takes place, the seeds then can take a season to mature or several years.

Most plants produce seeds and are grouped into two parts — the angiosperms and the gymnosperms. Angiosperms are the largest group and incorporates those plants which bear ‘covered’ seeds such as apples, melons etc where the seeds are embedded in the fruit. The smaller group of less than 1000 species are the gymnosperms, which produce ‘naked’ seeds (‘gym’ from the Greek: the gym was once a place to use whilst naked), these gymnosperms evolved before flowering plants and conifers are in this group.

One of these historical offspring The Monterey pine, although a native of California, produces a stunning cone found here in West Cork. The Monterey cone is large, dense and variegated in tone, its lip like feature on the end of each scale is a darker hue on the inside of the scale accentuating the pattern and there are plenty of these heavy handfuls to be collected although this tree can hold on to its tough cones for 50 years being a species that requires extreme heat conditions to release its seeds. The equally mathematical construction of the papery smaller cones of the much maligned Sitka spruce are no less decorative, these are lightweight and delicate reminding me of tiny wasp nests. They have a more elongated growth pattern than the Monterey cone and perhaps being commonly grown will be easier to find. The distinguished Scots pine produces a medium size cone and has fewer scales, which create a very open shape when dry. Occasionally you may come across a Bhutan or Himalayan blue pine here and these have a large banana sized and elegantly shaped cones to add an exotic to the mix. Sometimes the cone is the only way to identify a conifer species, see how many you can find.

Treat yourself to a country walk under some conifer woodland, have a sortie with the kids for cones and twigs littering the pathways, bring them home and lay them in front of the fire for a few days to ensure they are dry and fully open, so they are looking their decorative best. Give them a shake and the remaining seeds will fall out – (perhaps you might plant them in Spring) and have fun gluing and wiring your arrangements together, daubing with paint to accent the edges if you want to; tie a little garden string or decorative ribbon to create a very ornamental delight and add to the festive spirit in the home. Your local garden centre will have string and a couple of options on different gauged wires really cheap (as in less than €2 for a spool yards long)!

A slightly more unusual decoration/toy is a ‘Cone Cow’ this is a popular children’s activity in Finland and Sweden whereby youngsters forage, usually on summer walks, for their cones and find four suitable sticks to push between the scales of a cone to support the cone as its legs and the animal is complete. They have little competitions for the best looking most stable one – a lovely simple game to be encouraged here. Perhaps your Cone Cows could extend your nativity scenes or simply made to march along window sills this Christmas; remember any damp air will alter these animals’ appearances and stability, as cones will close again if not warm and dry, so last one standing could be a winner too.

After the season, the cones make great kindling to start a few January fires being full of the pine resins which inflame so easily, or keep them for years, a few might get damaged but they are really tough objects and can last longer than a childhood and will evoke happy family memories in years to come.

Leave the precious Holly and Mistletoe to grow on and thrive, pick up some cones, make stars with the twigs and don’t forget to look up and admire the rich green and blue tough little leaves called needles and see next year’s cones decorating the living Christmas tree wonderland. Merry Christmas everyone!

Grant Jenkins – The Tree Company. If you need any further information regarding this article or indeed any other tree matters please get in touch with us at The Tree Company, Ballydehob, Co Cork or email us at info@thetreecompany.ie or call our office on 028 37630.

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Ballineen Foróige Young Engineers Exhibition 23 February 2018

The inaugural Ballineen Foróige Young Engineers Exhibition will take place in Gort Mhuire Hall in Ballineen this Friday 23rd February. As part of Engineers Week 2018, leaders and members of Ballineen Foróige Club have organised an exhibition which will showcase a diverse and exciting range of engineering projects that have been undertaken by members of the club over the last few weeks, with the aid of leaders and a number of local engineers.

With the aid of local pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly, along with the support of STEAM Education, a UCC based company focused on promoting science, technology, engineering, arts, and maths subjects in primary schools, Ballineen Foróige has been engaging members and leaders in all things engineering over the last six weeks. From researching, designing, and prototyping a project based on local problems, to participating in various workshops on coding and careers in engineering, Ballineen Foróige have been extremely busy in preparation for the exhibition this coming Friday night.

On the night itself, Michael Loftus, Head of Engineering at CIT, Fintan Goold, Manager at Eli Lilly and All-Ireland Cork winning Footballer, along with Geraldine Coughlan of GCA Architects & Designers, a local business, will act as judges on the night, evaluating the different engineering projects and offering some advice to the members of the club. Also in attendance will be the CEO of Foróige Seán Campbell, along with a number of local councillors, TD’s and Senators.

Leading the team of Ballineen Foróige leaders organising the event, is Rebecca Dwyer, a bioprocess engineer at Eli Lilly. Rebecca recently became a leader in the club and says that Ballineen Foróige Young Engineer Exhibition 2018 “promises to be a fun, challenging and rewarding experience for all involved and we look forward to welcoming parents, relatives, friends and members of the public to the exhibition and film screening on the evening of Friday 23rd February.” Overall, there are twelve projects entered in the exhibition. One project, led by Cian Kennefick and Charlie Nolan, members of the starting out club, examines the possibility of installing speed ramps on the road near local primary school. Fourteen-year-old Charlie says he got involved in the project as it was something to do and it gets you thinking. Cian says the most exciting part of the project was the building of the prototypes.

Both Cian and Charlie, along with thirty other members of the club will display their projects this coming Friday 23 February in Gort Mhuire Hall in Ballineen. Doors open at 8pm and the event runs until 10pm. All are welcome to attend, and admission is free. Catering, including tea and coffee, will be provided on the night.
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17th February, 2018  ·  

Check out this new upbeat indie-folk track Edges, released today from Inni-K with a video by Myles O'Reilly. Inni-K will be performing at Levis’, Ballydehob on Saturday 24th February, with support from Sam Clague.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z1jc2tlH75Q
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16th February, 2018  ·  

Vikings talk in Clonakilty!

“The Viking Gold and Silver Hoards from County Cork” is the topic of the next Dúchas Clonakilty Heritage lecture on Thursday 22nd at the Parish Centre starting at 8pm.

It will be delivered by John Sheehan, senior lecturer in the Archaeology Department, UCC and a former member of the Heritage Council and the Board of the National Museum of Ireland.

The Vikings were an important presence in Ireland for over two centuries. As well as inflicting great terror they were also responsible for introducing urbanism and new economic systems to the country.

In this talk the focus will be on the economy, looking at the gold and silver hoards that were buried in Co. Cork. It will also explore how these hoards were discovered, what happened to them, and where they are now!
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15th February, 2018  ·  

Bandon Toastmasters is a club that helps people overcome Glossophobia, a fear of public speaking. The club is holding a night of inspirational and motivational speakers on February 22 that is a must for anybody wishing to overcome this phobia.
Tickets can be purchased either on the club's facebook page or through eventbrite.

www.eventbrite.ie/e/bandon-toastmasters-presents-ignite-your-potential-tickets-41871052445?aff=es2
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