Gardening in September

sweet william

Posted on: 8th September, 2014

Category: Home, Garden & Environment

Contributor: John Hosford

September is an important time in the garden — it’s a good month to plant bulbs, bedding plants and perennials to provide colour in the garden next spring and summer. Now is the time for planting herbaceous perennials, harvesting autumn fruiting raspberries and planning and preparing for new hedge plantings.

Keep recently planted trees and shrubs well watered and if you have planted bamboos or Hydrangeas in the past six to eight weeks, make sure to give them liberal quantities of water during dry spells. You can conserve or store water in water butts. Houseplants will require less watering as you move later into the year. Try to confine your watering to early in the day allowing the plants foliage to be dry going into the night.

Clear out cold frames and glasshouses in preparation for autumn use — perhaps for an overwintered crop of lettuce, salads, Parsley or carrots? Or maybe you require the space to overwinter some Geraniums or tender plants that will appreciate the protection of a glasshouse from the worst ravages of the winter weather?

Plant spring flowering bulbs especially Daffodils, Narcissi and Crocus.

Fruit and Vegetables: Continue sowing of vegetables for overwintering including spinach, winter, lettuce or Oriental vegetables. Plant overwintering onion sets. Plant out spring cabbage, taking precautions against pigeon or rabbit damage. Netting is recommended. Grazers is a good repellant against rabbits and is effective for up to six weeks.

Finish tying in shoots on wall-trained fan-trained fruit trees. Cut back old canes of blackberries, loganberries and tayberries. Prune blackcurrants. Spur prune kiwifruits after harvest.

Harvest apples when ripe. Hand pick for preference. Look for windfalls under the trees indicating when the fruit is ripe. As fruit ripens, handpick the fruit carefully and store in a cool, dry store. Make sure there are no sprays, chemicals or paints in the vicinity, which will taint the fruit.

Prepare the ground for new fruit trees and bushes. Choose a sunny, well-drained position for your fruit trees. Avoid frost pockets or areas that have bad or poor drainage. Don’t plant where fruit has been grown previously. If there is a lime deficiency in the soil this should be corrected prior to planting by an application of ground limestone. A ph test is recommended to assess lime levels.

When asparagus foliage turns brown, cut it down. Give the plants a good mulch after cutting down and removing the old growth off site. Use some well-composted compost to mulch or use well rotten farmyard or stable manure.

Water tomatoes consistently, preferably watering early in the day, especially as we move further into autumn. Feed regularly with a liquid tomato feed. Ventilate the greenhouse well on dry, sunny days.

Keep up watering on winter squashes, vegetable marrows, pumpkins and courgettes, especially during dry spells. The next four to five weeks are critical for these, as generally it is the last weeks of rapid and continuing fruit development. As they mature at the end of September or early October, they need to be brought indoors into a cool, air but frost-free shed. As with storing apples and pears, avoid any adjacent contaminants, which will taint the fruit. Onions and Shallots will be reaching or have reached maturity now. Harvest these carefully, drying thoroughly outdoors prior to storing indoors overwinter. Allow them to dry outdoors in a sunny place with plenty of air movement such as on a wire fence, on the roof of a sunny shed or indeed anywhere they can be exposed to the maximum amount of sunshine and air movement. When thoroughly dry, bring indoors and tie in bunches, which may be suspended from a shed or store.

Lawns: Mow less frequently as grass growth slows down. Adjust the height of cut as the growth rate of the grass slows down. This will allow the lawn to withstand the last of the warm, dry weather and also make the lawn more robust to treading when wetter weather arrives. Apply an autumn feed high in potash. Do this after scarifying and aerating but before top dressing. Do not give summer feeds at this time of year, as it will only cause weak, soft growth, which can be more prone to disease in the autumn weather. Sow new lawns this month — aiming to have new lawns in place before the end of September.

Sowing after September is not recommended as the lawn won’t have sufficient time to establish before the onset of winter. Sowing in September takes advantage of the accumulated soil heat from the summer and less dry conditions with rainfall, dews etc, which will allow for the quick and early establishment of your new lawn.

Sweet William, Wallflowers, Pansies: Sweet William for flowering early next summer should be planted into its flowering quarters now. Also plant colourful and fragrant wallflowers for flowering next spring. Plant as early as possible to ensure good establishment before the winter. Pansies and Violas may be planted now in containers or beds to provide colour in winter and well into late spring next year.

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11th October, 2017  ·  

Submarines, American Sailors, and the Underwater War in Irish Waters, 1917-1918
by Dr John Borgonovo in The Parish Centre, Clonakilty
on Thursday Oct 26 2017 at 8.30 pm

In 1917, unrestricted submarine warfare by German U-boats brought the United States into WWI and created a crisis in Britain. To defeat the submarine menace, an American naval fleet was dispatched to County Cork, bringing about 10,000 sailors with it. This talk will explain the circumstances of this extraordinary event, and how Cork residents dealt with their unexpected American guests.

Dr John Borgonovo is a lecturer in the School of History at UCC. His publications include Spies, Informers, and the 'Anti-Sinn Féin' Society: The Intelligence War in Cork City, 1920-1921; The Dynamics of War and Revolution: Cork City, 1916-1918; Exercising a close vigilance over their daughters: Cork women, American sailors, and Catholic vigilantes, 1917-18; Something in the Nature of a Massacre: The Bandon Valley Killings Revisited (with Andy Bielenberg). His latest publication (with co-authors John Crowley, Donal Ó Drisceoil and Mike Murphy) is the highly acclaimed and magnificient Atlas of the Irish Revolution. In July of this year, he organised a very successful conference on Winning the Western Approaches - Unrestricted Submarine Warfare and the US Navy in Ireland 1917-1918.
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11th October, 2017  ·  

Apple Juicing Day in Clonakilty next Sunday Sept 30th. All welcome to bring their apples from 2-6pm to the Clonakilty Community Garden (on entrance road to Clonakilty Lodge).

Building on the success of its inaugural 2016 event, local voluntary environmental organisation Sustainable Clonakilty invites people to bring along their apples and press them to extract their own juice to take home, using the group's Apple Press.

Volunteers will be at hand to assist in the procedure. Bring along your apples washed; clean containers to freeze your juice (milk/juice bottles or cartons, plastic bottles with caps); clean, sterilised glass bottles to pasteurise with swing caps or suitable for 26 mm diameter metal cap.

A limited number of new 3 litres juice bags that are suitable for freezing and pasteurising, can be purchased for a nominal fee on the day also.

This is a free community event and donations will be welcome to cover costs.

For further information, please contact Xavier at or text at 086/0476124.
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26th September, 2017  ·  

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